Non Melanomatous Skin Cancer in Ireland

Skin cancer can be divided into two main groups:Malignant melanoma and
Non-melanoma skin cancer.Malignant melanomaMalignant melanoma is the rarest, but most serious form. It affects the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) found in the skin and can appear as a new mole, or arise from an existing mole on the skin. Malignant melanoma has the potential to spread to other sites or organs within the body but is curable if treated early. Each year about 235 females and 150 males are diagnosed with malignant melanoma in Ireland.Non-melanoma skin cancers (Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma)Non-melanoma skin cancers are far more common but less dangerous than malignant melanoma and rarely fatal. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma frequently appear on sun-exposed skin after many years of exposure. This exposure also causes premature ageing of the skin. Non-malignant skin cancers are easily treated by minor surgery. If left, non-melanoma skin cancers will grow and disfigure – therefore early treatment is recommended. Each year about 7,500 people are diagnosed with non-melanomatous skin cancers in Ireland with 3445 in females, 3889 in males.Basal cell carcinomasSquamous cell carcinomasSolar keratoses (actinic)
Solar keratoses develop on skin which has been damaged by long term sun exposure. Usually many are present and can appear as hard, scaly lumps. Some become unsightly as they slowly grow larger. The skin underneath solar keratoses can vary in colour from a normal fleshy shade to pink or red. Sometimes these skin lesions can become itchy. Common sites are the face, backs of hands, forearms, ears, scalp and neck. Solar keratoses are not skin cancers. However, a very small percentage can develop into a skin cancer in later life. Some specialists regard solar keratoses as precursors to skin cancer, therefore it is important to seek medical advice on treatment.- Solar keratoses appear as hard scaly lumps on the skin. They may crust but do not heal.
– Solar keratoses can be rough, scaly irregular patches which are easily felt but not clearly seen.
– Often they are not troublesome in anyway but do not heal.
– Some are very troublesome, if present on the lips or nose as they tend to bleed spontaneously.Solar keratoses are most frequently treated by freezing using Liquid Nitrogen (Cryotherapy) or by applying a treatment cream. Some larger lesions may be removed by minor surgery under local anaesthesia. Treatment is usually carried out on an out-patient basis with the minimum disruption to your daily routine. All treatments aim to cure. The most appropriate treatment depends on the size, site and number of solar keratoses. Solar keratoses seldom recur following treatment but others may develop over the years.Who is most at risk of developing skin cancer?.People with very fair skin are most at risk of developing skin cancer. Those who cannot develop a tan are most at risk of malignant melanoma, but everyone is at risk of being sunburnt, especially indoor employees, children and babies. Malignant melanoma is more common in females. Non-melanoma skin cancers are most frequently seen in older age groups and outdoor workers who have a continuous all-year tan. The incidence of skin cancer is rapidly rising in the young adult population.Are skin cancers treatable?Both malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers are curable if treated in the early stages. A minor surgical procedure is all that is usually required to remove cancers of the skin. Regular inspection of skin and moles at home helps in recognising any abnormal skin lesions or changing moles. Change in size, shape and colour of a mole are the early warning signs of malignant melanoma, the most dangerous form of these skin cancer, because it can quickly metastasise to other parts of the body. However, if is detected soon after if first develops, it is curable by simple surgical excision. In Ireland, over 375 cases of melanoma are reported each year and up to 60 Irish people will die of this disease.The most common form of skin cancer in Ireland is basal cell carcinoma BCC, of which over 3,500 new cases are reported each year. These numbers are almost halfed between male and female and the incidence shows a small increase over the past six years. This cancer very rarely spreads to other organs but if left undetected, will continue to grow slowly, and may invade the underlying tissues. Again, this tumour is curable by surgery or radiotherapy. The third type of skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma SCC, which often develops from a solar keratosis or sunspot. If it is not treated early, it may spread to other parts of the body, but is again curable before that occurs by either surgery or radiotherapy. About 600 females and 1,000 males develop squamous cell carcinoma in Ireland each year. The other cancers include those of baso-squamous (mixed) carcinomas and other morphologies.Sunshine is the single most important causative factor for all skin cancers.Ultra-violet rays contained in sunshine are known to be harmful and can cause skin cancers. The increase in skin cancers in Ireland has been linked with the desire to have a tan, with repeated sunburn, fair skin types and genetic factors, such as number of moles.Malignant melanoma is associated with frequent high intensity sun exposure. Whereas non-melanoma skin cancers are caused by long-term exposure to low intensity sunshine. The amount of sun exposure during childhood and frequency of sunburn are now believed to increase the risk of developing skin cancers in adult life. It is therefore most important to protect all children from intense sunshine. Hats, T-shirts and sunscreens are recommended at home, at school and on holiday.Providing protection against the sunSunscreens are vital whenever exposed to strong sunlight, at home as well as abroad. Always reapply sunscreens after water sports, games or exercise. Children play outdoors during the hottest part of the day whilst at school, therefore it is wise to apply an SPF 15+ to your children before they go to school. Emulsions such as Anthelios XL contain aluminium hydroxide and can be used with infants and with highly intolerant skin. ROC make a rnumber of products in the MINESOL(TM) range, including mineral sunblock cream SPF 40, which is recommended for babies in case of inevitable exposure. This particular 100% mineral screen cream has a pleasant and almost invisible texture. During sunny periods liberal sunscreen application should become a daily routine each morning before dressing or 15 minutes before going out in the sun. Heatwaves in Ireland are not uncommon, therefore sunscreens are useful in handbags and first-aid boxes. It is important to apply sunscreens as recommended by the manufacturer. Most sunscreens identify a sun protection factor (SPF) which can range from SPF – SPF60+. The SPF is calculated by each manufacturer for their own particular product so it is important to remember that SPF may differ between brands of sunscreen. All sun protection factors are based on how long it takes for unprotected skin to burn (average length of time = 10 minutes). For example, if you use SPF 15+ the protection offered would last approximately 2-3 hours i.e. (10 minutes X 15 =150 minutes). The SPF is a rough guide only, therefore care and attention should be given to skin type, the strength of the rays or sunshine, time of day, season and latitude from the equator. Many products including Antherpos or Uvistat Lip screen or MINESOL(TM) Sun stick SPF 20 offer lip protection especially in people who are prone to recurrent herpes labialitis.Sunbeds and solariumsUltraviolet radiation (UVA rays) emitted from sunbeds and solariums is now known to have harmful effects on skin. Suncreams and Lotions such as Uvistat contain chemical agents and titanium dioxide and are UVA protectants. Excessive use of sunbeds can cause rapid ageing of the skin, long term damage and increase the risk of skin cancer. There is no such thing as a safe tan. Many people today use sunbeds to develop or maintain a tan. Some people believe that a suntan from a sunbed is a safe tan. Skin specialists say a tan is a sign of skin damage and advise everyone to avoid the use of sunbeds and solariums. This is especially important for the very fair skinned and persons under the age of sixteen. Likewise, persons with skin cancer or those with a family history of skin cancer should never use sunbeds or solariums.NMS cancer statistics for Ireland* Average of 7334 new cases per year, 1994-96: 3445 in females, 3889 in males.* Average of 40 deaths per year: 10 in females, 30 in males.* Age-standardised incidence rates about 48% higher in males than females.* By far the most common type of cancer in both females and males.* Recorded incidence rates higher in Republic of Ireland (RoI) than in Northern Ireland (NI), by about 16% for females and 26% for males, but this possibly reflects differences in registration practice.On average each year, 3445 new cases of malignant non-melanoma skin cancer (NMS) were registered in females, 3889 in males, in Ireland as a whole. NMS cases (primarily squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas) were by far the most common category of cancer in both females and males (29% of all malignant cancer cases).European-age-standardised rates were significantly higher among males than females, by about 48%. On average, females were estimated to have a 1-in-12 chance of developing these cancers by age 74, males a 1-in-8 chance. Median age at diagnosis was 72 years for females and 70 years for males. In the period 1994-96 only 10 deaths among females and 30 deaths among males were attributed to non-melanoma skin cancer each year. This represents about 1 death for every 200 incident cases, reflecting the fact that these cancers are rarely fatal. Reported mortality rates (EASRs) were significantly higher in males than females, by about 370% (95% confidence limits 200-645%), but inaccurate certification of causes of death may possibly contribute. On average, females were estimated to have a 1-in-6600 chance, males a 1-in-1600 chance, of dying from these cancers by age 74.Comparison of incidence rates within IrelandRecorded incidence rates of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMS) were significantly higher in RoI than in NI for both males and females. However, these differences may possibly reflect, in part, higher case ascertainment (completeness of registration) in RoI than NI, as a result of a more targeted effort to collate all NMS cases in RoI. Involvement of other factors cannot be excluded however.

The Best Natural Cure For Cancer Does Exist

Do not lose hope if you or a loved one is suffering from cancer right now. The best natural cure for cancer does exist. Contrary to what medical doctors believe, there is HOPE for cancer victims. The “Cancer-Free–Your Guide To Gentle, Non-Toxic Healing” book is a comprehensive and very informative guide intended to save hopeless lives afflicted with cancer.The author is Bill Henderson whose wife died of ovarian cancer in spite of the many operations and chemotherapy treatments that she went through. He is not a medical professional but because of his tragic experience he was motivated to search for an alternative cure. A mission to help many people avoid the fate of his former wife. Twelve years of research and closely working with thousands of cancer survivors, cancer doctors, nutritionists, nurses, cancer experts of all kinds resulted in the publication of this “Cancer-free” guide providing the best alternative and natural cure for all types of cancer.He believes that the treatment itself was the cause of his wife’s death. Conventional treatments like chemotherapy attack the cancer tumor as if it was the enemy and kill the cancer cells including the healthy ones that are essential for the other organs of the body.In a McGill Cancer Center survey it was cited that 75% of Americans diagnosed with cancer are said to receive chemotherapy treatment prescribed by their oncologists.But…75% of oncologists also said that if they had cancer, they themselves would NOT use chemotherapy treatment. Why? Because of its “ineffectiveness and unacceptable toxicity”.It has been reported at the 27th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium that chemo actually spreads cancer cells and such release results in extensive metastasis months or even years later, long after it would be suspected to be the cause of the spread of cancer.Although chemotherapy medicines attempt to eliminate the tumors and cancer cells, it unintentionally harm the other normal dividing cells including cells in hair follicles, nails, the mouth, digestive tract and bone marrow (which makes blood cells.) When this happens, the patient will experience the side effects of hair loss, fatigue, anemia, memory loss, nausea, vomiting, infection, infertility, diarrhea and weight changes. Besides spreading cancer cells, chemo affects the immune system making the body weak to defend against future cancers. The end result is that chemo kills more patients than it “cures”.People tend to consult Bill Henderson’s alternative treatment as a last resort, after their doctors have given up on them. There are now thousands who are “cancer-free” including terminal cancer patients with all types and stages of cancer all over the world. When people follow his simple diet and supplement regimen for 6-8 weeks, they are able to reverse their cancer.The healing regimen in the book involves six different theories on how to deal with cancer cells. These six forms of treatments are gentle, non-toxic and harmless. They all work together to build up your healthy cells and immune system to conquer the bad ones that are causing the sickness. The four conditions that must be corrected before anyone can overcome cancer are:* Weak immune system
* Lack of oxygen uptake by the cells
* Excessive toxins
* AcidityIt is suggested that cancer victims ought to give this regimen six to eight weeks while postponing other treatments. If it does not work, He is offering additional “coaching” by telephone where interaction will help clear up questions about any information in the book and discuss what to try next based on the patients experience.Aside from the “Self-Treatment Guide”, there is also information on locating holistic doctors, clinics and other resources. You will also be taught on how to test the levels of cancer cells in your body.You will get bonus booklets about aging, diet, exercises, diabetes and cure for back pain. All of which can greatly help on your campaign for better health, the natural way.It is important to learn the real causes of cancer and discover the best treatments that really work. If you still elect to use the conventional way, then this natural, non-toxic, no-side effects cure will still work hand-in hand to offset the side effects of the so-called “medical treatments”. It will greatly help in your health recovery and achieve the cancer-free life you have always wanted.

Finding the C in Cancer

Many of us have heard nursing staff refer to cancer as being ‘merciful’. Having had the opportunity to stand by the sickbeds of many cancer sufferers of various ages, gender and types of cancer, I feel it necessary to write an article that is both objective and enlightening.Let us begin by ensuring the reader that any person who has not either had cancer, or supported a cancer patient has no idea of what cancer is all about. Having supported congregation members with several cancers, varying from breast cancer, through cancer of the stomach, kidneys, lungs, throat and liver, never in one of these cases have we seen a patient enjoying having cancer.We have been with more than one person in the moments that they received the news that they had cancer. In most cases, the diagnosis followed several tests that confirmed more than one indicator, which would have included x-rays, scans, blood tests, and a biopsy. In most cases, the doctor’s words had an effect similar to a death penalty. “Sir, madam, I am sorry to have to confirm that the tests confirmed our suspicions that you do have cancer”.The day you hear the doctor speak these horrifying words to your wife, even the most extraverted husband is at loss for words. Everything said after that is a blur. The doctor, who had informed probably hundreds or perhaps thousands of patients of their condition, kept talking about the possible treatments that would be decided on after doing additional tests that are more specific. The time that had lapsed since the first symptoms, the existence of cancer in the family and many other facts were mentioned. However, the words that kept repeating were “You have cancer”.Most cancer patients go through the normal processes of denying, rejecting, anger, and other emotions that do not necessarily follow a specific pattern or time span. Questions such as “why me”, and thoughts of ‘payment for all the wrongs that I have committed’ are known to be part of the process. Some patients are able to deny the existence of cancer for a long time, and some have been known to pass away years afterwards without taking any prescription or treatment.All cancers are however not the same, and some are aggressive to the point that it takes a life within weeks of first diagnosis. A friend of the author died within three days of being diagnosed. Some cancer patients unfortunately suffer for months on end without any relief. We have known patients that were allergic to painkillers, including morphine. Sharing a room with such an unfortunate soul is a nerve-wrecking experience that cannot be described in words. To hear that person repeatedly cry out for weeks on end “Please take my life”. Yet, the next day the sun rises at its predestined time as if the patient’s suffering had no influence on anything.The author has heard many ‘wise’ sideliners remark about such and such a person’s small faith, or unbelief. Yet, if any of them had the experience of supporting a loved one in such dire circumstances, they would probably feel different. No person who has not had firsthand experience of such suffering can talk with authority on the subject, irrespective of wisdom or qualifications.Where then is the ‘grace’ of cancer, and how can anybody speak of any good coming from cancer? The first important fact to bear in mind is the fact that some cancer patients do experience healing, of which the most wonderful examples are those that were healed by the divine intervention of God. We have experienced situations where God had healed patients that were already positively diagnosed with cancer. Some of those healings were so complete that no trace of the cancer could be found for the rest of that person’s life. What a miracle!Some others are healed through medical interventions, and although most will repeatedly return for tests, and sometimes need smaller consequent interventions, many are completely healed. Again, how wonderful, and for the faithful there is never any doubt that even such healings through medical intervention is still a miracle received from God.Some patients however, have to hear the terrible words that nothing can be done to change their situation. This is devastating. The author has seen grown-up cancer specialists with many years of experience leave the room of a patient with tears in their eyes, after having brought the dreadful news.How then, people ask, can cancer be referred to as a ‘merciful’ condition? Obviously, the grace cannot lie in the fact that you die a long dreadful suffering death. The grace can neither be attached to the psychological and spiritual suffering that the family of such a patient has to endure. How then can anybody be as unwise as referring to one of the most dreadful of all illnesses as ‘merciful’? What mercy could there be hidden in such suffering?The only mercy that can be found in cancer also starts with a ‘c’, but only a Capital ‘C’, as in Christ. You might be wondering what the connection could be between Jesus Christ and a patient dying from cancer? Is Jesus involved in making a person sick? No, definitely NOT!In fact the Bible emphatically teaches that God is a God that heals.Exodus 15:26(b) WEB for I am Yahweh who heals you.”The Bible further declares that we are healed by the wounds of Jesus.Isaiah 53:5 WEB But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was on him; and with his stripes we are healed.Jesus was the acting person of the Godhead in the process of bringing healing to the sick. There is no way that God can be thought to be as inconsequent to heal people one day and make them sick the next. Most certainly, Jesus does not bring sickness to mankind, but healing.Where then does Jesus Christ fit into the cancer, and how can it be reasoned that He can bring mercy into cancer? What about the ones that are not healed, but who die slow and painful deaths?The author can testify from experience that there were numbers of people that he came across, who during their fight against cancer built such a strong relationship with the Lord Jesus, that in the end they could not wait to ‘go home’.There was one specific woman, let us call her Tessa, who was probably the most strong-willed person that the author ever knew. Whatever she wanted, she would get, through whatever means she had to employ. She had no respect for ‘lazy’ people, and although she was an active church member, she almost never took the time to read the Bible, as reading was a ‘waste of time’ in which she could ‘do something productive’. Then cancer struck.At first, she rebelled, not accepting her fate. As her own strength reduced with time, she no longer had the strength to do the things she used to do. Slowly but surely, she changed, accepting her fate, making time to talk to those people who so often wanted to talk to her when she was so busy.In the last couple of weeks of her life, although her body was overtaken with cancer, and although she suffered the worst pain thinkable, that hard, strong-willed woman became the most beautiful, soft, gentle person that anybody could ever wish to know.The difference came not from the cancer, suffering or pain, but from the grace of God that she received to accept her position, and from having time to spend in prayer, repenting for the first time in her life from all the ill deeds that she did. The difference came when she started forgiving every person who ever offended her, and spent time in praying for the forgiveness of everyone whom she had offended.Does this make cancer more bearable? No, it does not. However, there have been many others like Tessa, who came to a standstill through cancer. People who, for the first time in their life due to cancer, sorted out their priorities and rightly used the time that they had left, to do what they should have been doing all the while. Remembering those, one can only admit that even cancer can be a tool in the hand of God.Tessa did not receive healing. The joy and peace that she experienced during her last days was such however, that she asked everybody to stop praying for her healing, because she wanted to ‘go home’. May God grant every cancer sufferer to find Christ even in their suffering.