When the cancer has advanced fully, it spreads out to other organs. The process of spreading out from the original site is called metastasis, and the stage is referred to as metastatic breast cancer. Sometimes, all cancer cells do not die even after treatment for cancer, and these cells can break out from the original site and travel to other organs through blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, and develop tumors in other organs. This recurrence of cancer in other organs is called metastatic breast cancer, too.Metastatic breast cancer can either recur, that is, the treatment for breast cancer may have completed, but the cancer cells that escaped from being killed make the cancer recur, or may happen during the course of treatment, when the cancer is so aggressive that it spreads out despite of the treatments, or, in some cases when diagnosis is very late, and the cancer has spread out, metastatic might be the very first diagnosis.Unfortunate as it may be, breast cancer has the maximum chances of metastasizing. When this happens, bones, and organs like the lungs and brain starts showing abnormal changes, which means they’re starting to develop cancer cell growth. If you get lung cancer or liver cancer or any other cancer after getting breast cancer, it is probably just breast cancer metastasis and not a new cancer. This is good news, since breast cancer has low mortality rates and can be treated. However, if the new cancer if in the breast which did not have cancer previously, it may be a new cancer.Metastatic breast cancer develops in almost thirty out of hundred women who have had breast cancer, which makes knowledge about it so necessary. When the cancer has not metastasized to organs like the lungs and brain, or when there is a presence of estrogen and progesterone hormones in cancer tissues, the cancer is treatable. Also, if you have already not undergone many treatments for your previous cancer, and the malignant cells show some change after therapies, your treatment can be successful.Metastatic breast cancer, owing to its nature, requires extensive treatment. Therapies like chemotherapy, hormonal treatment, immune therapy alone with regular mammograms, ultrasounds, CT scans, MRIs, bone scans etc. are necessary. The treatments can be purpose-specific. For treating the whole body, systemic therapies have to be implemented; for treatment of specific organs, local treatments like mastectomy and lumpectomy are done, and for alleviating pain, therapies along with oral aspirin intake are adopted.A lot of research is going into slowing down and completely stopping further advancement of metastatic breast cancer. Even though this is the worst phase of your cancer, it is important that you know that many women with the metastatic disease have lived happily and normally while taking their treatment. You will have to decide when to end your treatment, for the higher the number of treatments you take, the higher the side-effects. This decision is the hardest to take, but you will know you have tried everything, prolonged your life as much as you could have. Spend the rest of your life being happy, and taking regular medication. Happiness is known for prolonging life, too.
Cancer treatments have made many miracles to the patients from all over the country. There are several cancer research centers all over the countries that are inventing various new methods in treatment of cancer. The cancer centers hospitals of India provide treatment to abroad patients at a very less price as compared to the cost of abroad cancer surgery hospitals. In India medical treatment centers for cancer treatment are at Delhi, Chennai, Calcutta, Hyderabad and Mumbai. Cancer surgeries have produced 85% of successful results in India by completely curing the patients. The development of advanced cancer surgery procedures lead to higher survival rate and improve the quality of life. The cancer survival patients have been back to their work normally as before they were. Because of low cost of cancer treatment and availability of experienced surgeons in India, cancer surgery hospitals of India are gaining more popularity in abroad, many abroad patients are attracted to India for getting their cancer treatment done at low cost.Cancer is simply an abnormal growth of cells in various body parts that have to be dealt within proper time. All cancers begin in cells, the body’s basic unit of life. Cells make up tissues, and tissues make up the organs of the body. Normally, cells grow and get multiplied to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old and die, new cells take their place. Sometimes this orderly process breaks down. New cells form when the body does not need them, or old cells do not die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor. Thus we can say cancer is abnormal growth of body cells. Different cancer surgeries available in India are Bladder cancer surgery, bone cancer surgery, brain tumor surgery, breast cancer surgery, liver cancer surgery, lung cancer surgery, salivary gland cancer surgery, head and neck cancer surgery, prostate cancer surgery, pituitary gland tumor surgery, pancreatic cancer surgery, penile cancer surgery, leukemia surgery, lymphoma surgery. Cancer though a life threatening disease it can be prevented and cured if early detected. There are various methods of treatment for cancer like surgical removal of cancer, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, Hormonal therapy, Immunological therapy etc. The success rate of cancer surgery at the early stage of cancer is very good but the success rate reduces as the stage of cancer increases but it can also be cured with most advanced techniques available in medical field.Medical tourism is a new and growing concept worldwide many countries invite patients from other countries and provide low cost packages to abroad patients for their treatment. Medical tourism of India provides different low cost packages to abroad patients for their treatment in India. For comfortable stay of abroad patients they arrange very good accommodation, their tickets and provision of good treatment facilities is also taken care by them. Many abroad patients are getting attracted to India for their cancer treatment.
Lung cancer is an ailment of unrestrained cell development in the lung tissues. This growth may lead to metastasis, spreading to the adjoining tissues and penetrating prematurely the lungs. It is the most popular cancer cause of death in men, and the second most common in women.Frequent symptoms of lung cancer:
1. Continuous chest throbbing
2. Persistent coughs that become severe
3. Shortness of breath, puffing, or huskiness
4. Constant troubles with pneumonia or bronchitis
5. Coughing up blood
6. Inflammation of the neck and face
7. Loss of appetite or significant weight loss
8. ExhaustionTypes of Lung Cancers:A. Small-cell lung cancer occurs when malignant cells form in the lung tissues.
Small lung cancer has three different types, classified according to the forms of cells developing as cancer. These are:1. Small cell carcinoma
2. Union of small cell and large cell carcinoma.
3. Joint small cell carcinoma.These three kinds may contain many different types of cells. The cancer cells of all types may grow and multiply in different ways.Stages of Small Cell Lung CancerLimited stage – cancer starts in the lung tissues, and in the adjacent lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are tiny, bean-shaped structures near the lungs.Extensive Stage – cancer has propagated beyond the lungs to other parts of the body.
B. Large-cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the lungs.Five types of large-cell lung cancerThe five types of large-cell lung cancer have differing varieties of cancer cells. The cancer cells of each category produce and multiply in unusual effects:1. Squamous cell carcinoma – Cancer starts in the squamous cells, thin flat cells that appear like fish scales. It’s called epidermoid carcinoma.
2. Large cell carcinoma – Cancer in which the cells are big and seem to be irregular when examined under a microscope.
3. Adenosquamous carcinoma – Cancer that begins in cells. Cancer cells appear to be firm when inspected under a microscope.
4. Adenocarcinoma – Cancer that begins in groups in glandular assets.
5. Undifferentiated carcinoma – Cancer cells that do not seem to be normal. They spread fast.Treatment:1. Surgery – Surgery is the ideal medication for lung cancer. The body is normally opened up for the lungs to be treated directly.
2. Radiation is a common treatment for lung cancer. Radiation therapy utilizes high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. It distresses cells only in the treated area.a. External radiation is the most common radiation treatment for people with lung cancer. Radiation comes from a huge apparatus outside your body. Mainly people go to the hospital or clinic for treatment. Treatments are typically 5 days a week for more than a few weeks.b. Internal radiation is rare. Radiation is released from a seed, wire, or another device, to the body.Treatment of Large-Cell Lung Cancer:o Chemotherapy – This is cancer treatment making use of drugs to prevent the increase of cancer cells. Drugs are either taken by mouth or injected in the veins and muscles to destroy cancer cells. These drugs go into the bloodstream to treat cancer cells in the body. When chemotherapy is placed straight in the spinal column, an organ, or a body cavity like the abdomen, these drugs generally distress cancer cells in those parts.
o Laser therapy – Laser is used to destroy cancer cells.